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Harpastum

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Italian Football Game.The Roman sport of harpastum.Calcio storico Fiorentino.

Calcio Storico - 'historic football' - tournament takes place every June in historic square in Italian city
The game derives from the ancient Roman game of harpastum, itself based on a bloody Greek sport
Head-butting, punching, elbowing and choking are allowed but kicks to the head are frowned upon
Teams of 27 are allowed to use 'any means necessary' to get ball to opponents' end of the field in order to score
Show the sport in 1573, King Henry III of France said it was 'too small to be a war and too cruel to be a game'

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Decima Legio-Harpastum-Circo Massimo-Roma 22.04.2012

Decima Legio harpastum Circo Massimo-Roma 22.04.2012
Aquile vs Lupi

Harpastum en el Siglo XXI

El harpastum romano es uno de los antecesores del futbol. A más de dos mil años de su existencia, los italianos quieren volver a ponerlo en boga.
Investigación: Enrique Ballesteros
Edición: Alex Aguilar
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GLADIATOR vs CAPOEIRA 🥊 Ganryujima

GLADIATOR vs CAPOEIRA - #JairBolsonaro Calcio Storico is the Gladiator Calcio fiorentino (also known as calcio storico historic football or gladiator football) is an early form of football that originated in 16th-century Italy. Once widely played, the sport is thought to have started in the Piazza Santa Croce in Florence. There it became known as the giuoco del calcio fiorentino (Florentine kick game) or simply calcio; which is now also the name for association football in the Italian language. The game may have started as a revival of the Roman sport of harpastum.Capoeirista Vs Gladiador batalha épica jamais vista! Veja agora!

Calcio Storico Fiorentino 2016, ROSSI vs AZZURRI, Florence, Tuscany, Italy, Europe

Calcio fiorentino is an early form of football that originated in 16th century Italy. Once widely played, the sport is thought to have originated in the Piazza Santa Croce in Florence. Here it became known as the giuoco del calcio fiorentino or simply calcio; which is now also the name for association football in the Italian language. The game may have started as a revival of the Roman sport of harpastum. Calcio was reserved for rich aristocrats who played every night between Epiphany and Lent. Even Popes, such as Clement VII, Leo XI and Urban VIII were known to play the sport in Vatican City. The games were known to get violent as teams vied with each other to score goals. This game was probably played already in the 15th century, so much that some matches were organized on a completely frozen-over Arno river in 1490. In a historically famous occasion, the city of Florence held a match on February 17, 1530 in defiance of the imperial troops sent by Charles V, as the city was under siege. In 1574 Henry III of France attended a game of bridge fighting put on in his honor during a visit to Venice; the king is recorded as saying: Too small to be a real war and too cruel to be a game. The official rules of calcio were published for the first time in 1580 by Giovanni de' Bardi, a Florentine count. The game is played on a field of sand with a narrow slit constituting the goal, running the width of each end. Each team comprises 27 players who are allowed to use both feet and hands to pass and control the ball. Goals are scored by throwing the ball over into the netting at the end of the field. There is a main referee, six linesmen and a field master. Each match is played out for 50 minutes with the winner being the team with the most goals scored. Interest in Calcio waned in the early 17th century. However, in 1930 it was reorganized as a game in Kingdom of Italy, under Mussolini. After playing each other in two opening games, the two overall winners go into the final which occurs each year on June 24; this is San Giovanni (St. John's Day), the Patron Saint of Florence. The modern version of calcio allows tactics such as head-butting, punching, elbowing, and choking but sucker punches and kicks to the head are banned. It is also prohibited for more than one player to attack an opponent. Any violation leads to being thrown out of the game. Matches last 50 minutes and are played on a field covered in sand, twice as long as it is wide ( approximately 80x40 meters ). A white line divides the field into two identical squares, and a goal net runs the width of each end. Each team has 27 players and no substitutions are allowed for injured or expelled players. The teams are made up of four Datori indietro (goalkeepers), 3 Datori innanzi (fullbacks), 5 Sconciatori (halfbacks), 15 Innanzi o Corridori (forwards). The Captain and Standard Bearer's tent sits at the center of the goal net. They do not actively participate in the game, but can organize their teams and sometimes act as referees, mainly to calm down their players or to stop fights. The Referee and his six linesmen referee the match in collaboration with the Judge Commissioner, who remains off the field. The referee, above everyone else, is the Master of the Field. He makes sure the games runs smoothly, stepping into the field only to maintain discipline and reestablish order in case of a fight on the field. The game starts when the Pallaio throws the ball towards the center line, then at the first whistle, 15 forwards or Corridori begin fighting - punching, kicking, tripping, hacking, tackling, and wrestling with each other in the brutal and often savage contests designed to an effort to tire the opponents out and punch, kick, or strike a hole in the opposition defenses, but which often descends into an all-out brawl. Then followed by a small cannon firing; the shot announces the beginning of the contest. From this moment on, the players try by any means necessary to get the ball into the opponents' goal also called caccia. The teams change sides with every caccia or goal scored. It's important to shoot with precision, because every time a player throws or kicks the ball above the net, the opposing team is awarded with half a caccia. The game ends after 50 minutes and the team which scored the most cacce wins. The prize is also interesting, because along with the Palio, the winning team used to receive a Chianina, a type of cow. However, the prize has been reduced to a free dinner for the winning team; the players earn no other compensation.
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Firenze: Calcio Storico Fiorentino

ll calcio storico fiorentino, conosciuto anche col nome di calcio in livrea o calcio in costume, è una disciplina sportiva che affonda le sue origini in tempi molto antichi: infatti in latino era chiamato florentinum harpastum. Consiste in un gioco a squadre che si effettua con un pallone gonfio d'aria, e da molti è considerato come il padre del gioco del calcio, anche se almeno nei fondamentali ricorda molto più il rugby.La partita che diede il via alla rinascita del gioco nel XX secolo si giocò nel maggio del 1930 quando, per la ricorrenza del quattrocentenario dall'Assedio di Firenze, su iniziativa del gerarca fascista Alessandro Pavolini, venne organizzato il primo torneo tra i quartieri della città; da allora il Calcio fiorentino è andato riaffermandosi fino a divenire con gli anni la manifestazione rievocativa più importante di Firenze.
Dal 1930, salvo che per il periodo bellico, si svolsero puntualmente fra le secolari mura cittadine le sfide fra i calcianti dei quattro Quartieri storici di Firenze: i Bianchi di Santo Spirito, gli Azzurri di Santa Croce, i Rossi di Santa Maria Novella e i Verdi di San Giovanni.
L'interruzione durante il periodo bellico riguardò gli anni 1940, 1941 e 1943-1946; nel 1942 si effettuò invece una partita (24 giugno), in cui i rossi sconfissero i bianchi per una caccia e mezza a una.
Attualmente le tre partite (due eliminatorie e la finale) si svolgono nel mese di giugno in occasione degli annuali festeggiamenti del santo patrono in piazza Santa Croce.
In alcune occasioni particolari il calcio fiorentino è stato giocato anche in altre città, per esempio il 28 agosto 1960, quando si giocò a Roma, a piazza di Siena, in occasione delle olimpiadi, oppure il 12 ottobre 1976 quando una partita venne effettuata a New York nell'ambito delle manifestazioni del Columbus Day. Il 3 luglio 1998 un incontro si disputò nella Place Bellecour di Lione in occasione dei mondiali di calcio.
Firenze : Calcio Storico Fiorentino
Una finale di muscoli e sudore, di polvere e lotte: nella finale del calcio storico a Firenze, in Piazza Santa Croce migliaia di turisti e un tifo da stadio. La finale fra i Verdi di San Giovanni e il Bianchi di Santo Spirito è stata stravinta da questi ultimi per 4 cacce a mezza.

Harpastum1 - Novembre 2009 -

Harpastum

Historic football in Florence

Historic football in Florence - Calcio Storico Fiorentino. Extreme Football with fighting and direct confrontation.
Calcio fiorentino (also known as calcio storico historic football) is an early form of football that originated in 16th-century Italy. Once widely played, the sport is thought to have originated in the Piazza Santa Croce in Florence. Here it became known as the giuoco del calcio fiorentino (Florentine kick game) or simply calcio; which is now also the name for association football in the Italian language. The game may have started as a revival of the Roman sport of harpastum. Rules[edit]

Matches last 50 minutes and are played on a field covered in sand, twice as long as it is wide ( approximately 80x40 meters ). A white line divides the field into two identical squares, and a goal net runs the width of each end. Each team has 27 players and no substitutions are allowed for injured or expelled players. The teams are made up of four Datori indietro (goalkeepers), 3 Datori innanzi (fullbacks), 5 Sconciatori (halfbacks), 15 Innanzi o Corridori (forwards). The Captain and Standard Bearer's tent sits at the center of the goal net. They do not actively participate in the game, but can organize their teams and sometimes act as referees, mainly to calm down their players or to stop fights.

The referee and his six linesmen referee the match in collaboration with the Judge Commissioner, who remains off the field. The referee, above everyone else, is the Master of the Field. He makes sure the games runs smoothly, stepping into the field only to maintain discipline and reestablish order in case of a fight on the field.

The game starts when the Pallaio throws and kicks the ball towards the center line, then at the first whistle and at first the ball rests on field, 15 forwards or Corridori begin fighting in a wild mixed martial arts match- punching, kicking, tripping, hacking, tackling, and wrestling with each other in an effort designed to tire opponents' defenses, but which often descends into an all-out brawl, trying to put, pin down, force to submit as many players possible; once there are enough incapacitated players, the other teammates come and swoop up the ball and head to the goal. Then followed by a small cannon firing; the shot announces the beginning of the contest.

From this moment on, the players try by any means necessary to get the ball into the opponents' goal also called caccia. The teams change sides with every caccia or goal scored. It's important to shoot with precision, because every time a player throws or kicks the ball above the net, the opposing team is awarded with half a caccia. The game ends after 50 minutes and the team which scored the most cacce wins.

Promo Harpastum

Harpastum
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Harpastum 27-03-2010 (Parte 1)

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