This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Learn more

Goalball

x

Goalball: A Sport For the Blind

Goalball, July 15, 2011. Germany vs Japan. Players are either blind or partially blind, and all wear blindfolds to ensure they're only playing with their sense of hearing and sense of touch. 3 players to a side guarding a 9m (29.5ft) wide goal from a 1.25kg (2.75lb) bell-filled ball that can be hurled at over 80kph (50mph).
x

Goalball Video

What is goalball? Goalball is a Paralympic sport played by athletes who are blind and visually impaired. Developed after WWII as a way to keep blinded veterans physically active, it has become the premiere team game for blind athletes. Played competitively by men and women around the world, it is a very fast paced, physically challenging, strategic and exciting game. Learn more at
x

Sport A-Z: Goalball

Goalball was devised in 1946 in an effort to rehabilitate visually impaired veterans who returned from World War II. In 1976, it was then introduced to the world at the Paralympic Games in Toronto.

The sport, exclusively for athletes with visual impairments, consists of two halves of 12 minutes each and athletes wear blackout masks on a playing court.

The object of the game is to roll the ball into the opposite goal while opposing players try to block the ball with their bodies. Bells inside the balls help orient the players, indicating the direction of the on-coming ball. Therefore, while play is in progress, complete silence is required in the venue to allow the players to instantly react to the ball.


The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is committed to enabling Paralympic athletes to achieve sporting excellence and to develop sport opportunities for all persons with a disability from the beginner to elite level. In addition, the IPC aims to promote the Paralympic values, which include courage, determination, inspiration and equality. For further information, please visit

To watch videos on demand from Paralympic Games and to subscribe to ParalympicSport.TV, please go to Also, you may follow the Paralympic Movement on Facebook at or on
Twitter at
x

Paralympic Sport A-Z: Goalball

Goalball is played exclusively by athletes who are blind or visually impaired. It was invented in 1946 to help rehabilitate veterans who had lost their sight during the Second World War. Hans Lorenzen of Austria and Sepp Reindle of Germany are credited with inventing the game.

Players must wear opaque eyeshades at all times ensuring fair competition. All international athletes must be legally blind, meaning they have less than 10 per cent vision, and are classified as a B3, a B2, or a B1 – totally blind.

Teams are made up of six players, with three members playing at any one time. The three positions are centre, right wing, and left wing.

The object of the game is to throw a ball using a bowling motion past the opponents and into their net to score points. This can be achieved by bouncing, curving, and spinning the shots around the opponents. Players stay on their hands and knees to defend their net and score against their opponents.

A goalball court is the same size as a volleyball court, measuring 18 metres long and nine metres wide. It has goals at each end covering the entire nine-metre back-line. String is taped to the markings on the court to allow players to feel the lines and orientate themselves.

The ball weighs 1.25 kilograms, is approximately 76 centimetres along its circumference and contains bells to allow players to hear it and track its movements.

Only players and referees may talk or make noise during play. Coaches, teammates on the bench and spectators must remain silent so players can hear and locate the ball. Officials use verbal commands to inform players of what is happening during the game.

Goalball requires two referees during each game. Four goal-judges remain at the corners of the court to verify if the ball touches crosses the line into goals. They also retrieve the ball when it goes out of bounds.

When a member of the defensive team touches the ball, they have 10 seconds to throw it back without being penalised. Penalties normally result in a penalty shot, during which the penalised player has to defend the entire nine-metre net alone.

Along with the 10-second violation, penalties are also awarded for high ball, long ball, excessive noise, delaying the game and touching one’s eyeshades.

A “high ball” occurs when a team throws the ball and it fails to land before or on the first high ball line. There are two high-ball lines which are six metres from each goal line, dividing the court into thirds. The ball must land before or on the first high-ball line, and then again on or before the second high-ball line. If it does not touch the ground again on or before the second high-ball line, it is considered a “long ball.”

Goalball was a demonstration sport at the Heidelberg 1972 Paralympic Games. In 1976, it made its official Paralympic debut when eight international men’s goalball teams competed for medals at the Paralympics in Toronto, Canada.

The sport has been part of every Paralympic Games since. Women’s goalball made its Paralympic debut at the 1984 Paralympic Games in New York.

The first World Championships for goalball were held in Vocklamarck, Austria, in 1978. The International Blind Sport Federation (IBSA) governs goalball and holds World Championships every four years, in between the Paralympic Games.
x

Goalball highlights - London 2012 Paralympic Games

Results:
Men
Gold: FINLAND
Posio, Petri
Nousu, Tuomas
Alenius, Toni
Miinala, Erkki
Mattila, Jarno
Montonen, Ville

Silver: BRAZIL
Ferreira de Oliveira, Jose Roberto
Almeida Maciel Celente, Alexsander
Moreno da Silva, Leomon
Marques, Romario Diego
Santos Silvestre, Filippe
Moreno da Silva, Leandro

Bronze: TURKEY
Karakaya, Tuncay
Aydogdu, Abdullah
Ucar, Yusuf
Cesur, Mehmet
Alkan, Huseyin
Duzgun, Tekin Okan

Women
Gold: JAPAN
Wakasugi, Haruka
Adachi, Akiko
Kakehata, Eiko
Nakashima, Akane
Urata, Rie
Komiya, Masae

Silver: CHINA
Ju, Zhen
Fan, Feifei
Wang, Shasha
Lin, Shan
Chen, Fengqing
Wang, Ruixue

Bronze: SWEDEN
Andersson, Viktoria
Naesstrom, Sofia
Dahlberg, Anna
Gustavsson, Malin
Waglund, Maria
Jalmestal, Josefine

Goalball was devised in 1946 in an effort to rehabilitate visually impaired veterans who returned from World War II. In 1976, it was then introduced to the world at the Paralympic Games in Toronto.

The sport, exclusively for athletes with visual impairments, consists of two halves of 12 minutes each and athletes wear blackout masks on a playing court.

The object of the game is to roll the ball into the opposite goal while opposing players try to block the ball with their bodies. Bells inside the balls help orient the players, indicating the direction of the on-coming ball. Therefore, while play is in progress, complete silence is required in the venue to allow the players to instantly react to the ball.

2019 IBSA Goalball European Championships A | Day six | Stadthalle Rostock

Watch the medal games live from Rostock, Germany, as teams go for gold.

All Blacks try their hand at Paralympic sport Goalball with AIG, Endeavour Fund and RNIB

November 2017 – AIG created an unforgettable experience for beneficiaries of its charity partners the Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) and the Endeavour Fund, as well as AIG colleagues by hosting a morning of Goalball with five members of the New Zealand All Blacks rugby team. Goalball is a team sport for athletes with visual impairments, originally devised in 1946 as a means of assisting the rehabilitation of visually impaired World War II veterans. With all players wearing eyeshades in order to compete on an equal footing, the object of the game is to throw the ball (with bells inside) into the opposing team's net, while defenders attempt to block it with their bodies. As the Official Insurance Partner of New Zealand Rugby, AIG was proud to provide this opportunity for wounded, injured and sick Service Personnel and people with sight loss and celebrate the power of sport.

USABA | 2019 IBSA Mens Goalball Qualifier | Day 5 - July 6

GOALBALL PARA ASEAN 2017 - PHI VS MYA (MEN)

9TH. PARA ASEAN GAMES 2017 KUALA LUMPUR MALAYSIA

Goalball Training Video

This video tutorial made by NPC Rwanda in partnership with Laureus Sport for Good Foundation will give you a brief introduction to the sport of Goalball.
x

Sports Series: Goalball

Watch this short video to learn more about Goalball featuring Cliff Cook, coach of the Lakeshore Youth Goalball Team (2013 High School National Champions).

NCHPAD (National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability) is the nation’s premier center in promoting the health and wellness of people with disability. To view more resources and services which can benefit all ages and populations, connect with us:
------------------------------------------------
Website:
Email: email@nchpad.org
Phone: 1-800-900-8086
Facebook:
Twitter:
Instagram:

Jogo- A-M Brasil x Peru- 2017 IBSA Goalball American Championships

2017 IBSA Goalball American Championships

O Campeonato das Américas de Goalball IBSA 2017 abre o ciclo paralímpico rumo aos
Jogos de Tóquio 2020. O palco da principal competição do ano é o Centro de Treinamento
Paralímpico, em São Paulo, onde oito países estarão em busca do título na categoria
masculina e feminina, entre os dias 29 de novembro a 3 de dezembro.

Países participantes:

Men
Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, United States and Venezuela

Women
Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru and United States

Así es... El goalball

El goalball (se pronuncia Golbol) es el único deporte paralímpico creado específicamente para personas invidentes o con deficiencia visual. Participan dos equipos de 3 jugadores. El juego se basa principalmente en el sentido auditivo para detectar la trayectoria de la pelota, la cual lleva en su interior cascabeles que suenan al movimiento del balón; por lo que este deporte requiere una gran capacidad de orientación espacial para poder interceptar el balón, situarse estratégicamente en el campo y realizar el lanzamiento. Un dato a destacar es que todos los jugadores llevan antifaces opacos para igualar la falta de visibilidad de los participantes. En algunas competiciones los jugadores además del antifaz deberán usar parches oclusivos.

El Goalball fue creado por el alemán Hans Lorenzen y el austriaco Seep Reindl. Este nuevo deporte formaba parte de un programa de rehabilitación, para veteranos minusválidos de la II Guerra Mundial. En él podían tomar parte los veteranos ciegos, con el fin de desarrollar toda su capacidad de concentración y cualidades físicas.

En los Juegos Paralímpicos de 1972 en Heidelberg (Alemania) fue uno de los deportes de demostración, entrando a formar parte del calendario oficial a partir de 1976 en Toronto (Canadá), en categoría masculina, y de 1984 en Nueva York (Estados Unidos) en la categoría femenina.

En 1981, en París, los representantes de más de 30 países participantes en deportes eran ciegos, forman la Asociación Internacional de Deportes para Ciegos (IBSA). Un año después, la propia IBSA crea un subcomité de Goalball, con el objetivo de unificar el deporte a nivel mundial y revisar los reglamentos periódicamente. La Asociación Internacional de Deportes para Ciegos (IBSA), a través del Subcomité de Goalball es el encargado de sancionar todos los campeonatos oficiales, así como de revisar el reglamento de juego cada cuatro años, realizar cursos de formación de Árbitros y Oficiales Menores y promover la práctica del Goalball en todos los lugares del mundo.
Durante el partido, se juegan dos tiempos de 10 minutos , cada equipo se sitúa en un lado de la pista, junto a la portería de 9 metros de ancho. El objetivo es, mediante el lanzamiento con la mano del balón, introducirlo en la portería del equipo rival. Cualquiera de los tres miembros del equipo intentará que el balón no entre en la portería. Todos los jugadores llevan antifaces opacos para igualar la visibilidad de todos los participantes.

La pista utilizada para Goalball consistirá en un rectángulo de 18,00 metros de largo por 9,00 metros de ancho dividida en seis áreas. Todas las líneas del campo estarán marcadas en relieve para que sean reconocibles al tacto, con el fin de que los jugadores puedan orientarse con facilidad

Jogo- A-M Argentina x Brasil- 2017 IBSA Goalball American Championships

2017 IBSA Goalball American Championships

O Campeonato das Américas de Goalball IBSA 2017 abre o ciclo paralímpico rumo aos
Jogos de Tóquio 2020. O palco da principal competição do ano é o Centro de Treinamento
Paralímpico, em São Paulo, onde oito países estarão em busca do título na categoria
masculina e feminina, entre os dias 29 de novembro a 3 de dezembro.

Países participantes:

Men
Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, United States and Venezuela

Women
Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru and United States

2019 IBSA Goalball Asia-Pacific Championships | Day one |

x

GOALBALL PARA ASEAN 2017 - MAS VS THA (MEN)

9TH. PARA ASEAN GAMES 2017 KUALA LUMPUR MALAYSIA

Memorable Goalball Moments | Top 5 moments from Goalball | Paralympic Games

What do you think are some of the most memorable Paralympic moments of Goalball? We've listed five our favourite moments - check them out!

Each week we are celebrating a Para sport that will feature at the upcoming Paralympic Games. Stay tuned to learn all about your favourite Paralympic sport!

The International Paralympic Committee's vision is to make for an inclusive world through Para sport. Our mission is to lead the Paralympic Movement, oversee the delivery of the Paralympic Games and support members to enable Para athletes to achieve sporting excellence.

SUBSCRIBE for more great Paralympic content ▶

More information about the Paralympics can be found on the Paralympic website ▶

Like and follow the Paralympic Games @Paralympics
Facebook ▶
Twitter ▶
Instagram ▶

#Paralympics #ChangeStartsWithSport #Goalball

LICENSE Paralympic footage via IMG REPLAY ▶

Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games Goalball Men Final CHN vs LTU

2019 IBSA Goalball Asia-Pacific Championships | Finals & Bronze medal matches |

Day 2 evening | Goalball highlights | Rio 2016 Paralympic Games

Check out some of the best moments that took place on the second evening session of Goalball.

For more information on the Rio 2016 Paralympic Game, please visit
Like us: and follow us:

The Rio 2016 Paralympic Games were held from 7-18 September 2016. Athletes from more than 160 countries competed in 528 medal events in 22 different sports.

Shares

x

Check Also

x

Menu