Harpastum

Italian Football Game.The Roman sport of harpastum.Calcio storico Fiorentino.

Calcio Storico - 'historic football' - tournament takes place every June in historic square in Italian city
The game derives from the ancient Roman game of harpastum, itself based on a bloody Greek sport
Head-butting, punching, elbowing and choking are allowed but kicks to the head are frowned upon
Teams of 27 are allowed to use 'any means necessary' to get ball to opponents' end of the field in order to score
Show the sport in 1573, King Henry III of France said it was 'too small to be a war and too cruel to be a game'

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Decima Legio-Harpastum-Circo Massimo-Roma 22.04.2012

Decima Legio harpastum Circo Massimo-Roma 22.04.2012
Aquile vs Lupi

Harpastum en el Siglo XXI

El harpastum romano es uno de los antecesores del futbol. A más de dos mil años de su existencia, los italianos quieren volver a ponerlo en boga.
Investigación: Enrique Ballesteros
Edición: Alex Aguilar

new Harpastum Returns With Fight Football League 2016,football fights between players

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Calcio Storico Gladiator Fight Football

Calcio fiorentino (also known as calcio storico historic football) is an early form of football that originated in 16th-century Italy. Once widely played, the sport is thought to have originated in the Piazza Santa Croce in Florence. Here it became known as the giuoco del calcio fiorentino (Florentine kick game) or simply calcio; which is now also the name for association football in the Italian language. The game may have started as a revival of the Roman sport of harpastum. Song: Blue Eagle Vision - Moment of Truth

Firenze: Calcio Storico Fiorentino

ll calcio storico fiorentino, conosciuto anche col nome di calcio in livrea o calcio in costume, è una disciplina sportiva che affonda le sue origini in tempi molto antichi: infatti in latino era chiamato florentinum harpastum. Consiste in un gioco a squadre che si effettua con un pallone gonfio d'aria, e da molti è considerato come il padre del gioco del calcio, anche se almeno nei fondamentali ricorda molto più il rugby.La partita che diede il via alla rinascita del gioco nel XX secolo si giocò nel maggio del 1930 quando, per la ricorrenza del quattrocentenario dall'Assedio di Firenze, su iniziativa del gerarca fascista Alessandro Pavolini, venne organizzato il primo torneo tra i quartieri della città; da allora il Calcio fiorentino è andato riaffermandosi fino a divenire con gli anni la manifestazione rievocativa più importante di Firenze.
Dal 1930, salvo che per il periodo bellico, si svolsero puntualmente fra le secolari mura cittadine le sfide fra i calcianti dei quattro Quartieri storici di Firenze: i Bianchi di Santo Spirito, gli Azzurri di Santa Croce, i Rossi di Santa Maria Novella e i Verdi di San Giovanni.
L'interruzione durante il periodo bellico riguardò gli anni 1940, 1941 e 1943-1946; nel 1942 si effettuò invece una partita (24 giugno), in cui i rossi sconfissero i bianchi per una caccia e mezza a una.
Attualmente le tre partite (due eliminatorie e la finale) si svolgono nel mese di giugno in occasione degli annuali festeggiamenti del santo patrono in piazza Santa Croce.
In alcune occasioni particolari il calcio fiorentino è stato giocato anche in altre città, per esempio il 28 agosto 1960, quando si giocò a Roma, a piazza di Siena, in occasione delle olimpiadi, oppure il 12 ottobre 1976 quando una partita venne effettuata a New York nell'ambito delle manifestazioni del Columbus Day. Il 3 luglio 1998 un incontro si disputò nella Place Bellecour di Lione in occasione dei mondiali di calcio.
Firenze : Calcio Storico Fiorentino
Una finale di muscoli e sudore, di polvere e lotte: nella finale del calcio storico a Firenze, in Piazza Santa Croce migliaia di turisti e un tifo da stadio. La finale fra i Verdi di San Giovanni e il Bianchi di Santo Spirito è stata stravinta da questi ultimi per 4 cacce a mezza.

Calcio Storico Fiorentino 2016, ROSSI vs AZZURRI, Florence, Tuscany, Italy, Europe

Calcio fiorentino is an early form of football that originated in 16th century Italy. Once widely played, the sport is thought to have originated in the Piazza Santa Croce in Florence. Here it became known as the giuoco del calcio fiorentino or simply calcio; which is now also the name for association football in the Italian language. The game may have started as a revival of the Roman sport of harpastum. Calcio was reserved for rich aristocrats who played every night between Epiphany and Lent. Even Popes, such as Clement VII, Leo XI and Urban VIII were known to play the sport in Vatican City. The games were known to get violent as teams vied with each other to score goals. This game was probably played already in the 15th century, so much that some matches were organized on a completely frozen-over Arno river in 1490. In a historically famous occasion, the city of Florence held a match on February 17, 1530 in defiance of the imperial troops sent by Charles V, as the city was under siege. In 1574 Henry III of France attended a game of bridge fighting put on in his honor during a visit to Venice; the king is recorded as saying: Too small to be a real war and too cruel to be a game. The official rules of calcio were published for the first time in 1580 by Giovanni de' Bardi, a Florentine count. The game is played on a field of sand with a narrow slit constituting the goal, running the width of each end. Each team comprises 27 players who are allowed to use both feet and hands to pass and control the ball. Goals are scored by throwing the ball over into the netting at the end of the field. There is a main referee, six linesmen and a field master. Each match is played out for 50 minutes with the winner being the team with the most goals scored. Interest in Calcio waned in the early 17th century. However, in 1930 it was reorganized as a game in Kingdom of Italy, under Mussolini. After playing each other in two opening games, the two overall winners go into the final which occurs each year on June 24; this is San Giovanni (St. John's Day), the Patron Saint of Florence. The modern version of calcio allows tactics such as head-butting, punching, elbowing, and choking but sucker punches and kicks to the head are banned. It is also prohibited for more than one player to attack an opponent. Any violation leads to being thrown out of the game. Matches last 50 minutes and are played on a field covered in sand, twice as long as it is wide ( approximately 80x40 meters ). A white line divides the field into two identical squares, and a goal net runs the width of each end. Each team has 27 players and no substitutions are allowed for injured or expelled players. The teams are made up of four Datori indietro (goalkeepers), 3 Datori innanzi (fullbacks), 5 Sconciatori (halfbacks), 15 Innanzi o Corridori (forwards). The Captain and Standard Bearer's tent sits at the center of the goal net. They do not actively participate in the game, but can organize their teams and sometimes act as referees, mainly to calm down their players or to stop fights. The Referee and his six linesmen referee the match in collaboration with the Judge Commissioner, who remains off the field. The referee, above everyone else, is the Master of the Field. He makes sure the games runs smoothly, stepping into the field only to maintain discipline and reestablish order in case of a fight on the field. The game starts when the Pallaio throws the ball towards the center line, then at the first whistle, 15 forwards or Corridori begin fighting - punching, kicking, tripping, hacking, tackling, and wrestling with each other in the brutal and often savage contests designed to an effort to tire the opponents out and punch, kick, or strike a hole in the opposition defenses, but which often descends into an all-out brawl. Then followed by a small cannon firing; the shot announces the beginning of the contest. From this moment on, the players try by any means necessary to get the ball into the opponents' goal also called caccia. The teams change sides with every caccia or goal scored. It's important to shoot with precision, because every time a player throws or kicks the ball above the net, the opposing team is awarded with half a caccia. The game ends after 50 minutes and the team which scored the most cacce wins. The prize is also interesting, because along with the Palio, the winning team used to receive a Chianina, a type of cow. However, the prize has been reduced to a free dinner for the winning team; the players earn no other compensation.

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Harpastum

Top 10 goal keepers in world

Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball with the foot to score a goal. Unqualified, the word football is understood to refer to whichever form of football is the most popular in the regional context in which the word appears. Sports commonly called 'football' in certain places include: association football (known as soccer in some countries); gridiron football (specifically American football or Canadian football); Australian rules football; rugby football (either rugby league or rugby union); and Gaelic football.[1][2] These different variations of football are known as football codes.

Various forms of football can be identified in history, often as popular peasant games. Contemporary codes of football can be traced back to the codification of these games at English public schools during the nineteenth century.[3][4] The expanse of the British Empire allowed these rules of football to spread to areas of British influence outside of the directly controlled Empire.[5] By the end of the nineteenth century, distinct regional codes were already developing: Gaelic football, for example, deliberately incorporated the rules of local traditional football games in order to maintain their heritage.[6] In 1888, The Football League was founded in England, becoming the first of many professional football competitions. During the twentieth century, several of the various kinds of football grew to become some of the most popular team sports in the world.
The Ancient Greeks and Romans are known to have played many ball games, some of which involved the use of the feet. The Roman game harpastum is believed to have been adapted from a Greek team game known as ἐπίσκυρος (Episkyros)[11][12] or φαινίνδα (phaininda),[13] which is mentioned by a Greek playwright, Antiphanes (388–311 BC) and later referred to by the Christian theologian Clement of Alexandria (c. 150 – c. 215 AD). These games appear to have resembled rugby football.[14][15][16][17][18] The Roman politician Cicero (106–43 BC) describes the case of a man who was killed whilst having a shave when a ball was kicked into a barber's shop. Roman ball games already knew the air-filled ball, the follis.[19][20] Episkyros is recognised as an early form of football by FIFA.[21]

A Chinese game called Tsu' Chu, Cuju or Zuqiu has been recognised by FIFA as the first version of the game with regular rules.[22] It existed during the Han Dynasty, the second and third centuries BC. The Japanese version of cuju is kemari (蹴鞠), and was developed during the Asuka period.[23] This is known to have been played within the Japanese imperial court in Kyoto from about 600 AD. In kemari several people stand in a circle and kick a ball to each other, trying not to let the ball drop to the ground (much like keepie uppie).[24] The game appears to have died out sometime before the mid-19th century. It was revived in 1903 and is now played at a number of festivals

Harpastum

This is what it takes!

BEST OF - TOP 100 SOCCER FOOTBALL FAILS 2015 ITOP 5 Soccer Football Fails I WEEK #76 2016



The goalkeepers are the only players allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play and only in their penalty area. Outfield players mostly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may also use their head or torso to do so instead. The team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time and/or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. The Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA; French: Fédération Internationale de Football Association), which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years


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According to FIFA, the competitive game cuju (蹴鞠, literally kick ball) is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence.[9] Cuju players could use any of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to modern football though similarities to rugby occurred.[10][11] During the Han Dynasty (206 BC–220 AD), cuju games were standardized and rules were established.Phaininda and Episkyros were Greek ball games.An image of an Episkyros player taken from an ancient stone carving held by the Acropolis Museum appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup.Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game Harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence, they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified Mob Football, the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking.[20][21] Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia.


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BEST OF - TOP 100 SOCCER FOOTBALL FAILS 2015 ITOP 5 Soccer Football Fails I WEEK #76 2016

How to improve our football skills

Football is a family of team sports that involve, to varying degrees, kicking a ball with the foot to score a goal. Unqualified, the word football is understood to refer to whichever form of football is the most popular in the regional context in which the word appears. Sports commonly called 'football' in certain places include: association football (known as soccer in some countries); gridiron football (specifically American football or Canadian football); Australian rules football; rugby football (either rugby league or rugby union); and Gaelic football.[1][2] These different variations of football are known as football codes.

Various forms of football can be identified in history, often as popular peasant games. Contemporary codes of football can be traced back to the codification of these games at English public schools during the nineteenth century.[3][4] The expanse of the British Empire allowed these rules of football to spread to areas of British influence outside of the directly controlled Empire.[5] By the end of the nineteenth century, distinct regional codes were already developing: Gaelic football, for example, deliberately incorporated the rules of local traditional football games in order to maintain their heritage.[6] In 1888, The Football League was founded in England, becoming the first of many professional football competitions. During the twentieth century, several of the various kinds of football grew to become some of the most popular team sports in the world.
The Ancient Greeks and Romans are known to have played many ball games, some of which involved the use of the feet. The Roman game harpastum is believed to have been adapted from a Greek team game known as ἐπίσκυρος (Episkyros)[11][12] or φαινίνδα (phaininda),[13] which is mentioned by a Greek playwright, Antiphanes (388–311 BC) and later referred to by the Christian theologian Clement of Alexandria (c. 150 – c. 215 AD). These games appear to have resembled rugby football.[14][15][16][17][18] The Roman politician Cicero (106–43 BC) describes the case of a man who was killed whilst having a shave when a ball was kicked into a barber's shop. Roman ball games already knew the air-filled ball, the follis.[19][20] Episkyros is recognised as an early form of football by FIFA.[21]

A Chinese game called Tsu' Chu, Cuju or Zuqiu has been recognised by FIFA as the first version of the game with regular rules.[22] It existed during the Han Dynasty, the second and third centuries BC. The Japanese version of cuju is kemari (蹴鞠), and was developed during the Asuka period.[23] This is known to have been played within the Japanese imperial court in Kyoto from about 600 AD. In kemari several people stand in a circle and kick a ball to each other, trying not to let the ball drop to the ground (much like keepie uppie).[24] The game appears to have died out sometime before the mid-19th century. It was revived in 1903 and is now played at a number of festivals

Harpastum 27-03-2010 (Parte 1)

Pancratium - Harpastum - Lotta

Historic football in Florence

Historic football in Florence - Calcio Storico Fiorentino. Extreme Football with fighting and direct confrontation.
Calcio fiorentino (also known as calcio storico historic football) is an early form of football that originated in 16th-century Italy. Once widely played, the sport is thought to have originated in the Piazza Santa Croce in Florence. Here it became known as the giuoco del calcio fiorentino (Florentine kick game) or simply calcio; which is now also the name for association football in the Italian language. The game may have started as a revival of the Roman sport of harpastum. Rules[edit]

Matches last 50 minutes and are played on a field covered in sand, twice as long as it is wide ( approximately 80x40 meters ). A white line divides the field into two identical squares, and a goal net runs the width of each end. Each team has 27 players and no substitutions are allowed for injured or expelled players. The teams are made up of four Datori indietro (goalkeepers), 3 Datori innanzi (fullbacks), 5 Sconciatori (halfbacks), 15 Innanzi o Corridori (forwards). The Captain and Standard Bearer's tent sits at the center of the goal net. They do not actively participate in the game, but can organize their teams and sometimes act as referees, mainly to calm down their players or to stop fights.

The referee and his six linesmen referee the match in collaboration with the Judge Commissioner, who remains off the field. The referee, above everyone else, is the Master of the Field. He makes sure the games runs smoothly, stepping into the field only to maintain discipline and reestablish order in case of a fight on the field.

The game starts when the Pallaio throws and kicks the ball towards the center line, then at the first whistle and at first the ball rests on field, 15 forwards or Corridori begin fighting in a wild mixed martial arts match- punching, kicking, tripping, hacking, tackling, and wrestling with each other in an effort designed to tire opponents' defenses, but which often descends into an all-out brawl, trying to put, pin down, force to submit as many players possible; once there are enough incapacitated players, the other teammates come and swoop up the ball and head to the goal. Then followed by a small cannon firing; the shot announces the beginning of the contest.

From this moment on, the players try by any means necessary to get the ball into the opponents' goal also called caccia. The teams change sides with every caccia or goal scored. It's important to shoot with precision, because every time a player throws or kicks the ball above the net, the opposing team is awarded with half a caccia. The game ends after 50 minutes and the team which scored the most cacce wins.

Harpastum 27-03-2010 (Parte 4)

Pancratium - Harpastum - Lotta

Check Out Italy's INSANE Calcio Storico Brutal MMA Football

Part football, part MMA.Catch this clip from the documentary Calcio Fiorentino by We Are Buzzers to soak in the violent spectacle from Italy's annual calcio storico tournament.

Harpastum 20131002 1

La prima partita di Harpastum Adrenalina Sperimentale

Harpastum 27-03-2010 ( Ultima Parte 7)

Pancratium - Harpastum - Lotta

Harpastum 27-03-2010 (Parte 2)

Pancratium - Harpastum - Lotta

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